Mains Political Science Syllabus
Political Theory and Indian Politics
- Political Theory: meaning and approaches.
- Theories of the State: Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.
- Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
- Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
- Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
- Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.
- Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
- Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
- Indian Political Thought : Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions ; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy.
Political Science and International Relations
Comparative Politics and International Relations
Section - A Comparative Analysis and International Politics
- Approaches to the study of comparative politics : traditional approaches; political economy, political sociology or political system approaches; Nature of political process in the Third World.
- The Modern State : Evolution, the contemporary trends in the advanced industrial countries and the third world.
- Development : Strategies and contemporary discourse.
- Concepts of International politics : Power, national interest, balance of power, national security, collective security and peace.
- Theories of International politics Marxist, Realist, Systems, Decision-making and Game Theory.
- Determinants of foreign policy : Domestic compulsions, geopolitics, geoeconomics and global order.
- Origin and contemporary relevance of the Cold War, nature of the post-cold war global order.
- Major issues of world politics : Cuban Missile Crisis; Vietnam War, Oil Crisis, Afghan Civil War, Gulf War, Collapse of the Soviet Union, Yugoslav Crisis.
- Non-alignment : Concept and movement; Third World Movements for global justice, Non-alignment in the post cold war era.
- The evolution of the international economic system-from Bretton woods to WTO, the North-South dimension.
- International organisations UN and its specialized agencies : International Court of Justice; ILO, UNICEF, WHO UNESCO.
- Regional, organizations such as the ASEAN, APEC, EU, SAARC, NAFTA
- Contemporary Global Concerns : Democracy, Human Rights, Ecology, Gender Justice, Global commons, Communication.
Section - B India and the World
- Indian Foreign Policy : Historical origins, determinants; the institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
- India and the Non-Alignment Movement : Evolution and contemporary relevance. Socio- political basis of non-alignment-domestic and global.
- Major issues in Indian foreign policy : Sino-Indian Border War (1962); Indo-Pakistan War (1971) and the liberation of Bangladesh; IPKF in Sri Lanka; India as military nuclear power (1998).
- Conflict and co-operation in South Asia : India’s relations with Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal. Regional co-operation and SAARC. Kashmir question in India’s foreign policy.
- India’s relation with Africa and Latin America.
- India and South East Asia; ASEAN.
- India and the major powers : USA, EU, China, Japan and Russia.
- India and the UN System : India’s role in UN Peace Keeping and global disarmament.
- India and the emerging international economic order; multilateral agencies-WTO, IMF, IBRD, ADB.
- India and the question of nuclear weapons : NPT and CTBT.